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A Short History of Seville

A Short History of Seville

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In the past the port of Sevilla played an important role in commerce between Spain and the Americas and remains today one of the most active river ports of the Iberian peninsula. The Tartessians were the original founders of Hispalis.

Next to this settlement, in 207 B.C., the Romans built Itálica. It was the centre of their Western Mediterranean dominions for seven centuries until the Roman empire was overrun by Northern barbarians at the beginning of the 10th century.

The long Moorish occupation of the Iberian peninsula, from 711 A.D. to 1248 A.D., left indelible traces in Sevilla as in all of Al-Andalus. La Giralda, the tower of an important mosque, is the most well-known of the remaining Islamic monuments. In 1492 Sevilla played an important role in the discovery and conquest of America. The 17th century was a period of artistic splendour in Sevilla. Painters such as Velázquez, Murillo and Valdés Leal, and sculptors like Martínez Montañís were born in Sevilla and left behind important works.

The city also assumed an important role in world literature and was the birthplace of the myth of Don Juan. On two occasions in the 20th century Sevilla has been in the spotlight of the world's attention. In 1929, it hosted the Latin American Exhibition, which left important urban improvements in the city.

More recently, Expo 92 reinforced the image of Sevilla as a modern and dynamic city. Don't miss out on the tapas. The city is credited with their invention and has more than a thousand bars where the choice of food, is virtually unlimited, from seafood to ham and sausage, from vegetable to cheese.

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